Welcome to our Design Center webpage for Decks and Fences!
Here, you can discover a world of possibilities for your outdoor living space, from stunning deck designs to beautiful fence ideas. Our design center is a one-stop-shop for all your decking and fencing needs, where you can explore a variety of materials, colors, and styles, as well as access expert advice and guidance to help you bring your vision to life.
Whether you're looking to build a new deck or fence, or simply update an existing one, we're here to help you create the outdoor oasis you've always dreamed of.
Planning is essential when it comes to crafting the ideal deck. It involves selecting the finest materials for the deck, as well as the appropriate finishes and accessories, allowing you to design a deck that is not only functional but also truly unique. In this article, we will provide you with various tips and ideas to assist you in constructing the deck of your dreams.
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How Will Your Deck Be Used?
Decks serve a multitude of purposes, such as expanding your home's living and entertainment space, or as an alternative to an outdoor area like a stone patio. With a deck, you have the flexibility to host gatherings with loved ones, from barbeques to parties or even for quiet, intimate evenings by yourself.
The possibilities are limitless.
To ensure your deck meets your unique needs, there are a plethora of options available, including lumber or material type, finishes, and accessories. This allows you to create a visually stunning deck that is also built to withstand the test of time, no matter what you plan to use it for.
Deck Size and Shape Ideas
When constructing a deck, the possibilities for its shape and size are entirely dependent on the space available. A larger yard, for instance, can accommodate a grand deck with ample space for outdoor entertainment, such as a barbeque and seating. Conversely, a smaller yard would require a smaller deck.
Different deck types are available to suit varying needs. Platform decks, for instance, are constructed at ground level and do not require support posts or railings.
Freestanding decks can be placed wherever necessary, without requiring any attachment to your home. A raised deck, on the other hand, requires railings but offers an excellent view of the surrounding area. Additionally, a wrap-around deck can be a fantastic way to maximize your property's size and shape.
In summary, the possibilities for customizing your deck shape are endless, so let your creativity shine when designing your ideal outdoor space.
Deck Board Pattern Ideas
The type of board pattern you choose can significantly impact the appearance of your deck.
For a more classic look, consider a modular design, while a chevron pattern can add a touch of visual interest. Another fantastic option is to lay the boards diagonally in the center, framing the deck's outer edge.
The choice is yours, so take the time to explore various looks before beginning your deck construction.
Deck Material & Color
When it comes to designing your deck, selecting the right material and color can make a significant impact on your outdoor space's overall aesthetic.
Here are some essential considerations when choosing your deck material and color:
Material: Different deck materials, such as wood, composite, and PVC, offer distinct advantages and disadvantages. Wood decking is a popular option due to its natural look and feel, but it requires more maintenance than other materials. Composite decking is low-maintenance, highly durable, and available in a range of colors and styles, making it a great choice for many homeowners. PVC decking is also low-maintenance, highly durable, and resistant to moisture and insects.
Color: The color of your deck can be chosen to complement the color of your home's exterior or to create a contrasting accent. Darker colors tend to show less dirt and stains but can become hot in the sun. Lighter colors can help to keep the deck cool but may show stains more easily.
It's important to consider the durability of your chosen deck material and how well it will resist fading, scratches, and other types of wear and tear. Many deck materials and colors can be customized to fit your unique style and preferences, so take your time to explore your options and select the best combination for your outdoor living space.
In Canada, most decks are made from pressure-treated wood, mainly because it is a cost-effective option.
This type of lumber undergoes a process that makes it resistant to decay and termite infestations, making it suitable for outdoor use. However, despite this treatment, pressure-treated wood is not entirely impervious to moisture, and it is recommended to apply water repellent annually to prevent moisture damage.
Western Red Cedar is a highly desirable option for decks and fences because of its natural resistance to decay and insect damage, due to the oil preservative it contains.
This material boasts a beautiful grain, texture, and color that makes it visually appealing. It is also lighter in weight compared to pressure-treated wood, making it easier to handle and work with. However, it is typically more expensive than pressure-treated wood.
Composite decking and fencing are made by blending natural wood fibres with strong resin.
This material is engineered to imitate real wood, but it has the advantage of requiring no painting or staining. Additionally, composite decking and fencing will not splinter, crack, warp, or rot, making them a durable and low-maintenance option.
Deck Railings and Stairs
Deck railings are essential if your deck is above a certain height according to your local building code.
However, you can also choose to install them for decorative purposes. Deck railings are usually constructed using the same material as your deck. For example, if you have a wooden deck, your railings would most likely be made of wood as well.
In addition, stairs are a critical component of multi-level deck design, and they can even be utilized on single-level decks that are slightly elevated. Like the deck and railings, stairs are also constructed using the same materials as your deck and can be added to any or all of the sides, or to access different levels easily.
Add Lighting, Plants and Décor
In order to put your own personal stamp on your deck, consider incorporating some simple deck ideas such as lighting, greenery, and accessories.
Proper lighting is crucial, especially if you plan to entertain in the evening. Installing railing and stair lights can provide better visibility and make it easier to navigate the deck in the dark. You can also add ambient lighting like fairy or rope lights, or even use LED colour-changing lights for a unique effect.
Including plants and greenery in your deck space not only helps to visually define different areas, but also adds a beautiful natural touch. You can choose your favorite flowers to add more color and style.
Lastly, choosing trendy patio furniture can complete the look. Whether you want a small conversation set or a full lounging area with a chaise or sectional couch, you can create an amazing entertainment space on your deck for family and friends to enjoy.
Planning a fence can serve various purposes, including enhancing your property's value, increasing privacy, blocking unwanted views, and keeping children and pets from leaving the yard. In addition, a fence can also provide an extra layer of security by deterring intruders from accessing your property.
This guide will assist you in designing a fence that meets your specific requirements.
Purpose of Your Fence
The first step in planning a fence is to decide what type and style you want. Are you looking for a fence that will serve a functional purpose or add decorative value to your property?
Functional fences are designed to increase privacy and security, as well as keep children and pets within the confines of your property. These types of fences can also help reduce wind and noise levels. Consider using materials such as wood or vinyl in privacy or shadowbox styles. For added security, heavy-duty locks and hinges can be installed.
On the other hand, decorative fences are designed to complement the architectural style of your home and enhance the look of your property.
They can be used to accentuate landscaping or garden areas, and come in a range of styles, including ornamental metal, picket, and post and rail fences.
Check Local Laws & Building Codes
A fence is a significant structure that may be subject to province and city zoning laws. Homeowners' associations and other neighborhood groups may also have regulations related to fences.
Before finalizing your fence plans, it's essential to check the laws and codes in your area. There may be restrictions on fence height, location, and materials. If you live in a historic district or subdivision, it's best to check with your neighborhood association or homeowners' association before installing a fence. You may need to obtain approval from a zoning department or your homeowners' association before building, and you might need a permit or board approval before starting the construction.
It's also crucial to examine your deed for easements that may allow a utility company or neighboring property to have a right of way through your land.
Easements may limit the design and location of your fence. It's recommended to talk to your neighbors whose properties are adjacent to yours about your fence plans. Lastly, confirming your property lines is crucial to ensure that your fence will be installed on your property. You can find information about your property lines at a local assessor's office.
What Type of Fence
Fences come in various styles and materials, although local laws and codes may limit your options. The type of material used to build a fence will determine its durability and maintenance needs. As you consider the materials, it is essential to factor in your budget and the amount you want to spend on your fence.
Below are some of the most popular fence types:
Wood: The types of wood available for fencing will vary by location, but they may include cedar, redwood, or Southern pine. Wooden fences can be stained or sealed. While they cost less than other options upfront, they require more maintenance.
Vinyl: Vinyl fences require little maintenance since they do not require painting or staining. They are available in kits or pre-made panels for easy installation.
Composite: This type of fence mimics the look of wood without the upkeep. Stone-like composite fences are also available.
Metal: Metal fences, such as wrought iron or powder-coated aluminum, are low-maintenance and can provide security without obstructing the view.
Chain Link: This fence has one of the lowest upfront costs and is ideal for security. It comes in various colors, but lacks the decorative appeal of other fence types.
Where to Install the Fence
Local regulations may dictate the required distance between your fence and property line or sidewalk, so it's important to measure accurately to ensure compliance.
Consider hiring a surveyor to establish property lines and avoid encroaching on your neighbors' land. Determine the placement of gates and ensure they are large enough to accommodate any equipment or trash cans that need to be moved through them.
When planning a fence, it's important to take into account the terrain of your property. If there are slopes, your fence may need to be stepped or racked to follow the contour of the land. Stepping involves using pre-assembled fence panels placed parallel to each other, creating a stepped effect. However, this method may not be suitable for keeping pets contained due to the gap at the bottom of each panel. Racked fences, on the other hand, involve individually placing each board or picket to closely follow the slope of the land.
Decide whether to undertake the fence installation yourself or hire professionals. If you choose to do it yourself, you can order everything you need online and have it delivered directly to your door. If you prefer professional installation, Big Decks offers fence installation services, including help with measurements, design, and obtaining permits.